Parution – « Varia », Cuadernos Chilenos de Historia de la Educación, Núm. 13 (2020)

Artículos

Parution – “Higher Education in the United States”, History of Education Quarterly, Volume 61 – Issue 3 – August 2021

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/history-of-education-quarterly/issue/1A6DBF2A140C6A164E0BBC9994F8AA16

Special Section on Higher Education in the United States

Editorial Introduction : New Directions in Higher Education History

A. J. Angulo and Jack Schneider

Articles

How Austerity Politics Led to Tuition Charges at the University of California and City University of New York

Jennifer M. Nations

The Right to Residency: Mobility, Tuition, and Public Higher Education Access

Camille Walsh

What Happened to Your College Town: The Changing Relationship of Higher Education and College Towns, 1940–2000

Kate Rousmaniere

Policy Dialogue

The Problems and Promises of Higher Education in the United States

Sara Goldrick-Rab and David Labaree


Article

“Subtle, vicious effects”: Lillian Steele Proctor’s Pioneering Investigation of Gifted African American Children in Washington, DC

Sevan G. Terzian

Parution – James W. Sanders, “Irish vs. Yankees: A Social History of the Boston Schools”, Oxford, 2018

As a social historian, James W. Sanders takes a new look at a critical period in the development of Boston schools. Focusing on the burgeoning Irish Catholic population and framing the discussion around Catholic hierarchy, Sanders considers the interplay of social forces in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that led to Irish Catholics’ emerging with political control of the city and its public schools. The latter reduced the need for parochial schools; by at least the 1920s, the public and parochial schools had taken giant steps toward one another in theory and practice under the leadership of the Catholics who presided over both systems. The public schools taught the same morality as the Catholic ones, and, in the generous use of Catholic saints and heroes as moral exemplars, they came dangerously close to breaching the wall of separation between religion and the public school. As a result, despite the large Irish Catholic population, Boston’s parochial school system looked very different from parochial schools in other American cities, and did not match them in size or influence. The book begins in 1822 when Boston officially became a city and ends with the Irish Catholic takeover of the Boston public school system before the Second World War.

Parution – Robert N. Gross, “Public vs. Private: The Early History of School Choice in America”, Oxford, 2018

Americans today choose from a dizzying array of schools, loosely lumped into categories of “public” and “private.” How did these distinctions emerge in the first place, and what do they tell us about the more general relationship in the United States between public authority and private enterprise? Public vs. Private describes how nineteenth-century public policies fostered the rise of modern school choice. In the late nineteenth century, American Catholics began constructing rival, urban parochial school systems, an enormous and dramatic undertaking that challenged public school systems’ near-monopoly of education. In a nation deeply committed to public education, mass attendance in Catholic private schools produced immense conflict. States quickly sought ways to regulate this burgeoning private sector and the competition it produced, even attempting to abolish private education altogether in the 1920s. Ultimately, however, Public vs. Private shows how the public policies that resulted produced a stable educational marketplace, where school choice flourished. The creation of systematic alternatives to public schools was as much a product of public power as of private initiative. As ever more policies today seek to unleash market forces in education, Public vs. Private concludes that Americans would do well to learn from the historical relationship between government, markets, and schools.

Colloque – “XVe journées d’histoire de l’éducation chiliennes : histoire, identités et territoires éducatifs” [XV jornadas de historia de la educación chilena : historia, identidades y territorios educativos], 3-5 nov. 2021

Français : après avoir été suspendues pour des raisons largement connues en novembre 2019 – alors qu’elles étaient co-organisées par l’Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, le Centro de Educación y Cultura Americana et la Sociedad Chilena de Historia de la Educación (SCHHE)-, les Jornadas de Historia de la Educación Chilena reprendront en 2021. Pour cette raison, la SCHHE et l’Universidad de O’Higgins (UOH) vous invitent à participer à la 15ème version de cette rencontre. La conférence se déroulera en mode virtuel, du 3 au 5 novembre 2021, et se veut un espace de rencontre, de réflexion et de débat entre les chercheurs qui étudient l’histoire de l’éducation au Chili.

Espagnol : Luego de haberse visto suspendidas por motivos ampliamente conocidos en noviembre de 2019 -momento en que eran coorganizadas por la Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, el Centro de Educación y Cultura Americana y la Sociedad Chilena de Historia de la Educación (SCHHE)-, en 2021 las Jornadas de Historia de la Educación Chilena se retoman. Por este motivo, la SCHHE y la Universidad de O’Higgins (UOH) invitan a participar en la XV versión de este encuentro. Las Jornadas se realizarán en modalidad virtual, entre el 3 y 5 de noviembre de 2021, y se plantean como un espacio de encuentro, reflexión y debate entre investigadoras e investigadores que estudian la historia de la educación en Chile.

Publication – Carla Ghizzoni, “Scuola e lavoro a Milano fra Unità e fascismo. Le civiche Scuole serali e festive superiori (1861-1926)” [École et travail à Milan de l’Unité au fascisme], Pensa, 2014.

Il libro ricostruisce la genesi e gli sviluppi delle Scuole serali e festive superiori del Comune di Milano. Non previste dalla legge Casati, esse furono volute dall’amministrazione ambrosiana subito dopo l’Unita al fine di provvedere alla scolarizzazione postelementare di giovani donne e uomini che, per necessità e per condizioni sociali, non continuavano gli studi finite le elementari, ma ambivano a una preparazione che consentisse loro di migliorare la posizione professionale. Apprezzate dalla città, nel corso degli anni queste Scuole specificarono la proposta formativa cercando di adeguarla alle esigenze di un mondo del lavoro in trasformazione nella Milano di fine ’800 e dei primi del ’900.

La storia di questi istituti è analizzata dalle origini fino all’avvento del fascismo, allorché modificarono l’ordinamento, prevedendo corsi analoghi a quelli del sistema scolastico governativo. La ricerca, condotta sulla base di documentazione archivistica e a stampa coeva, non si limita all’approccio istituzionale, ma fa luce sulla vita interna alle Scuole, con attenzione ai modelli educativi veicolati, agli allievi, alle materie proposte. Essa va oltre i confini locali e offre suggestioni in merito al più ampio tema dei processi di accesso all’istruzione postelementare che sfuggono ai circuiti delle scuole diurne tradizionali, su cui si è prevalentemente concentrato l’interesse degli studiosi.